Guide: Graduating Criminology
If you are searching for a career that combines excitement, complex subjects, and the opportunity to help others, criminology is a field to consider.
Criminology offers a wide array of choices; both in types of study and a variety of careers. Jobs may intersect with some exciting areas of criminal justice, like law enforcement or forensic science technology. Other careers are more academic and focus on particular studies including forensics and criminal law.
In this article, we will cover the study and degree of Criminology, differences between Criminology and Criminal Justice, Criminology internships, and the careers available with a degree in Criminology. Let’s jump in!
Criminology: The Study and Degree
Criminology is the study of all areas of crime. It is a branch of sociology, which examines the effects of social behavior. The varied professions of criminology study the causes, effects, and prevention of violations.
Criminologists investigate the impact of criminality on society as a whole. Studying the effects of criminality on victims, society, environment, and even criminals can bring a clearer understanding of how to prevent crimes in the future.
A criminology degree states that you have the required education to work within the justice system or any of the careers related to crimes and criminal law. Probation officers in a small town, criminal attorneys, social workers advocating for victims, and members of homeland security all need a degree in criminology.
The criminology field is separated into two major sections of study: criminalistics and criminology. Both of these subsets investigate violations, study evidence, and work to advance criminal prevention. However, they examine different parts of the same puzzle to create a clear definition of how an infraction occurred.
- Criminalistics is a field of study directly related to the study of physical clues from a violation. Criminalists use a background in science to solve crimes using physical evidence such as fingerprints, bloodstains, fibers, and drugs. Criminologists work in labs, at the scene of an infraction, and testify in courts.
- Criminology studies crimes in relation to criminals and potential corrections. Criminologists study offenses and the laws to provide an explanation for criminal behavior. They learn sociology and psychology to determine normal and abnormal social behavior and provide criminal profiles. Criminologists may work at universities, corrections systems, FBI, or homeland security.
Criminology vs Criminal Justice
Degrees in criminology and criminal justice overlap in some areas. Some students earn a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, then go on to get a criminology degree. Both fields study core classes to learn about science, sociology, and the laws surrounding the elements of criminality. However, the professions study crimes with different goals in mind.