Criminal Justice vs Criminology

Find yourself wondering: Criminal Justice vs Criminology – What are the differences?

The pursuits of work in the justice system and criminology share many similar requirements and subjects. Degrees in these fields will equip you to serve people affected by the lawless actions of others and those wrongly accused of these acts, understand why such conduct occurs and how society can reduce the incidents of illegal activity. Yet, the themes and, consequently, the approaches employed in these fields differ significantly. The divergence shapes how you earn and use these degrees.

In this guide, we will go over exactly what Criminal Justice and Criminology are, their differences, and common career paths for each. Let’s begin!


What is a Criminal Justice Degree?

This degree encompasses the study of the process from investigation of crimes through corrections. Aspiring majors in this field learn about the operation and organization of law enforcement agencies, actors in the judicial system (prosecutors, defendants, defense attorneys, witnesses and other court personnel); and prisons, probation officers and others that comprise corrections.

Depending on where you attend, your degree may come with a concentration in some particular aspect of criminal law or the justice system. For instance, a crime scene concentration may focus upon methods of collecting and preserving evidence. Other justice degree holders may direct their studies and careers in corrections, including community-based punishments and other alternatives to incarceration. Homeland security as a degree concentration has blossomed especially in the last ten to 20 years with increased awareness of terrorist incidents and threats.

Degrees in this field come from the bachelor, masters and doctorate ranks. If you pursue a master’s or a PhD, you may concentrate intensely in a specific field such as cybersecurity, homeland security or corr